(a soldier) married Sarah Ann Sanger
according to the ‘Rites and Ceremonies of the
Established Church after Banns’ in the Holy Trinity
Church, Monmouth Place, Bath, Somerset, England, on
16 May 1859. At that time both bride (aged 17) and
groom (aged 25) were boarders at 32 Avon Street. The
Reverend Charles Tertius Hellin (?) presided at the
wedding at which the official witnesses were
Nathaniel Roche and Eliza White. Henry met his
future bride when, with a group of fellow soldiers,
he was drinking in her father’s hotel.
At the time of the 1861 census of the Parish of
Walcot Trinity, Bath, Eliza (28) and John White
(28), together with their three children, shared
this same address with Henry and Sarah Ann and
another family. John and Henry were both working as
mason’s labourers. Next door to them, in 33 Avon
Street, was the residence of Henry’s parents,
Richard (66) and Elizabeth (61), his
siblings—Charles (21), Ann (24) and William (31)—and
William’s wife Eliza (28).
Henry and Sarah Ann’s first child, Henry Jr, was
born in 1862 and died in 1864. His brother, Augustus
William, was born in London on 25 March 1864.
Augustus was still an infant and his parents’ only
living child when the family, taking advantage of
the land order system of immigration, boarded the
1365-ton Golden City (Captain William Brown)
of the Black Ball and Eagle Line. Accompanying them
were Henry’s brother Charles and Charles’s wife
The ship left Gravesend on 12 October 1864 with 246
emigrants on board and, having added 195 to that
number in Plymouth, set sail for Australia on 18
October. It reached Cape Moreton on 3 January 1865
and, after dropping anchor on the following morning,
was admitted to pratique. The passengers were
brought up the River by the steamer Diamond
two days later. Five infants did not survive the
journey from England and an able seaman, William
Reynolds, was killed en route when on 4 December he
fell from the foretopsail mast.
The family grew in time to include the following
children: Augustus William (b. 25 March 1864; d. 21
August 1916), Elizabeth (b. 28 October 1866; d.
1868?), Henry Thomas (b. 14 December 1868; d. 10 May
1944), Annie (b. 24 November 1871; d. 31 October
1920), Lillian Mary (b. 5 April 1874), Richard
Charlie (b. 20 June 1876; d. ?), Silvia Juliet (b.
28 January 1878), Hubert Arthur (b. 30 May 1880; d.
7 October 1959). Details concerning the children’s
marriages, where known to this researcher, may be
found in an endnote.
For about two years prior to his death on the
afternoon of 11 November 1881 Henry Roles was ailing
and ‘suffering from severe rheumatic pains in the
hips’ which restricted his work as a fencer. At his
wife’s insistence he set out from their Blunder
property in the family’s spring cart, driven by his
son Augustus, to visit Dr Prentice in Brisbane.
About two miles from home, obviously in distress,
Henry asked his son to pull off the road. Shortly
afterwards, George Alexander Grenier, who was
‘passing along the Ipswich Road near Oxley’, arrived
on the scene and endeavoured to make Henry more
comfortable. However, he passed away suddenly; and,
by way of giving further support, George accompanied
Augustus home to break the sad news to Sarah. A
magisterial inquiry into the circumstances of
Henry’s death was held on the following day ‘in the
Blunder near Oxley’ by Henry Lucock JP. Depositions
were taken from the wife and son of the deceased and
from Mr Grenier.
the son of Richard (a quarryman) and Elizabeth (née
Fowler) Roles was laid to rest in ‘Grenier’s
Cemetery’ on 12 November 1881 in a service at which
his brother-in-law, Thomas Sanger,
acted as undertaker. The Reverend James Samuel
Hassall, the Rector of St Matthew’s Church of
England, Sherwood, officiated at the graveside and
the witnesses were William Huet and John Dunlop.
For the record, Henry Roles’s father, Richard, was a
‘Waterloo Man’. He enlisted in the Royal Corps of
Artillery Drivers in October 1812 and, having taken
part in that historic battle in 1815, returned to
England and was discharged on 25 March 1816. His
service is acknowledged on his headstone in St
Michael’s Churchyard, Lower Weston, Bath, Somerset.
It records his death at the age of 70 on 3 September
1865 and that of his wife Elizabeth aged 75 on 22
December 1870. Appended to their names are those of
their son William (d. 23 April 1914 aged 84) and his
first wife Charlotte Marks (d. 18 May 1876 aged 41).
William was the superintendent of the cemetery for
more than 50 years.
Sarah Ann Roles,
the daughter of Augustin (or Augustus) and Mary (née
Bennett) Sanger, was born on 15 May 1842 at the Hare
and Hounds Inn in Charlcombe (near Bath), Somerset,
where for many years her father was the publican.
She was christened in the local Anglican parish
church on 19 June 1842. At the time of the 1851
census the family household was composed as follows:
Augustin (39), Mary (39), Andrew (13), Sarah Ann
(8), Thomas (6), Augustin Jr (4), and Sarah Bennett
(19, servant, possibly Mary’s sister).
Sarah Ann Roles passed away at her residence in
Primrose Street, Sherwood, on 1 November 1911. Among
those attending her funeral at ‘Grenier’s Cemetery’
on the following day were: Charles William Lyon
(undertaker), the Reverend John Stewart Pollock of
the Presbyterian Church, and Bruce Harris and
William S Smail (witnesses).
Augustus William Roles
(a labourer) died in the Hospital for the Insane,
Goodna, on 21 August 1916 aged 52. His funeral
service at the Cooper’s Plains Cemetery on the
following day was conducted by the Reverend S Martin
of the Presbyterian Church. The burial was certified
by Thomas Learoyd and officially witnessed by HA
Roles and JC Sorensen.
Charles and Martha (née Powell) Roles, whose marriage was registered
in the December quarter of 1863, became the parents
of: Charles Jr (b. 16 July 1865; d. 30 June 1944),
Eliza1 (b. 2 June 1867; d. 18 February
1868), Elizabeth (b. 13 January 1869; d. ?), Henry
(b. 16 March 1871; d. Gympie 15 May 1929), Caroline
(b. 8 May 1873), Eliza2 (b. 10 July 1875;
d. 31 May 1906), William (b. 19 March 1877; d. 12
Charles Roles, the son of Richard and Elizabeth (née
Fowler) Roles, died in the Mount Garnet Hospital,
North Queensland, on 31 May 1900..
The Sanger family.
Sarah Ann Roles was not completely cut off from her
family in England; for her brother Thomas Sanger
(b. Charlcombe, Somerset, 3 October 1844) emigrated
to Australia on the 944-ton Netherby (Captain
O Owens) which left London for Brisbane with 413
passengers on board on 1 April 1866. Unfortunately,
the ship was wrecked, thankfully without loss of
life, on the south-west point of King’s Island in
Bass’s Strait. The passengers were transhipped to
Melbourne and eventually most of them were conveyed
to Brisbane on the 615-ton City of Melbourne
(Captain D Walker), arriving on 6 August 1866. The
City of Melbourne’s passengers were brought
up the Brisbane River by the steamer Ipswich.
Thomas Sanger married Sarah Jane Blandford, the
daughter of William and Elizabeth (née Midwinter)
Blandford on 14 November 1871. Their children were:
William Charles (b. 23 August 1872), Ruth May (b. 13
February 1874; d. 7 October 1894), Ethel Elizabeth
(b. 22 March 1876), Walter Thomas (b. 20 January
1878), Mabel Isabel (b. 15 December 1879), Rose
Annie (b. 15 December 1881), Roy1 (b. 13
August 1883; d. 12 February 1884). Sadly Sarah Jane
died on 16 August 1883, a few days after the birth
of the last-mentioned child.
Before that year was out, on 14 December 1883,
Thomas married Hannah Hardy, the daughter of John
and Mary Ann (née Hirst) Hardy. They became the
parents of: Roy2 (b. 28 August 1885), and
Thomas Jr (b. about 1889; d. 28 May 1894). Thomas
Sanger Sr died in Laidley on 3 August 1932. Hannah
passed away on 23 April 1906.
Thomas’s elder brother, Andrew Farrett William
Sanger, also came to Australia. He and his wife
Ellen (née Churchill) and their surviving
children—Augustine (b. 13 December 1860; d. 5
February 1940), Mary Ann (b. 8 June 1862) and Andrew
Jr (b. 14 December 1865; d. 5 August 1952)—left
London on 16 May 1866 on board the 1800-ton Black
Ball ship Eastern Empire (Captain Ferguson).
The vessel reached the Brisbane Roadstead on 14
September 1866 and was granted pratique two days
Andrew and Ellen, who were married in Charlcombe on
16 March 1860, became the parents of four other
children after their departure from England:
Elizabeth Ellen (b. 7 July 1869; m. Charles Dodsley
Hampson 24 September 1888; d. 17 November 1961),
Frederick Hutchinson (b. 20 October 1871; d. 15
December 1871), George Alfred (b. 17 December 1872)
and William (b.?; d. 15 August 1952). One child,
Louisa (b. 4 October 1864; d. 6 February 1866) died
before the family left England.
Another brother, Augustus Sanger (b.
Charlcombe 24 September 1846), remained in England
and married Ann Bryant. He was a stonemason; and at
the time of the 1881 census was living with his wife
and children and his sister-in-law (Mary Bryant) in
Richmond Place, Walcot, Somerset. The household was
as follows: Augustus (34), Ann (44), Rose Isabel
(9), Ada Augusta (7), Beatrice Maud (5), Alice Mary
(3), Augustus Jr (1), Mary Bryant (49, laundress).